There is a great variety of electoral systems, or voting systems, throughout the world. Each democracy has different characteristics and adopts the electoral system that suits it best. Electoral systems can be divided into two broad categories:
- The majority category – based on the concept of a simple or absolute majority. The important thing under that system is to obtain more votes than one’s opponents. The first‑past‑the‑post system in Canada falls under that category. To find out more, click here.
- The proportional category – based on the concept of the proportionality of expressed votes and the related distribution of seats in a legislative assembly. To know more, click here.
It is also possible to combine features of these two categories in order to form a mixed system. To know more, click here.
It certainly is not easy to achieve a “perfect” electoral system, since all of them have both positive and negative features. Every democracy must find the model that best meets its regional, demographic and cultural realities, so that its Parliament is representative, fair and democratic.